The increase in buzz around environmental awareness has emerged the development of a new tool for monitoring the environment. This is called the environment monitoring. By definition, environment monitoring is a tool emerged to assess the changing environmental conditions, support policy development and implementations. It also aids in supporting the national and international policymakers for forums, and the public.
This process involves various tests and investigations, that can cause potential hampering to the environment. Human activities can also drastically impact the investigations.
Purpose of environmental monitoring
The primary goal of environmental monitoring is to understand the needs of the environment and protect it from any human activities that hamper the sanity, and the environment’s well-being. This process forms an integral part of the environmental impact assessments which involves the following activities:
- Establishing baseline quality
- Uncovering environmental trends
- Identifying any variations in the environment
- Determining and following up the success of the project.
Sectors of environmental monitoring
The people or the team that conducts the tasks of environmental monitoring is called environmental specialists, and they primarily focus of four different sectors of the environment — air, soil, water, and biodiversity.
- Air monitoring: Air quality monitoring is an essential part of the sector as air pollution is increasing at an alarming rate, all around the globe. The conditions have reached to an extent that the government and the EU has introduced the air pollution standards and expects every country and state to meet their requirements. The data from the anemometer is taken into consideration to check the air quality. Topographic readings are considered to prevent the process of lateral atmospheric mixing
- Soil Monitoring: Since farming is a major source of food production and a substantial source of income in various regions of the world, monitoring soil quality is of utmost importance in these regions. It also involves the regeneration of jungles and forests for clear, CO2 free air. The team also keeps tab on the process of soil erosion, contamination and the amount of salts in the soil.
- Water monitoring: Often times, the sewage from nearby factories are released into the water bodies, causing chemical reactions in water, thereby harming the quality of water in the environment that includes lakes, estuaries, rives, oceans, seas, etc. Water quality specialist keeps tab on the physical quality of water like the flow, temperature, erosion, and sediments. They also consider the biological elements such as the measurements of plant and Animal life in the water that ultimately helps in determining the quality of water.
- Biodiversity monitoring: Biodiversity monitoring is an essential part of maintaining the sustainability which depends on the ecosystem’s diversity. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) are the primary contact that is essential for maintaining the biodiversity of a region, which aids massively in sustainable development. Biodiversity measurement is also a means to measure the loss of ecosystem and the degradation of the quality, and the loss of biodiversity in a region/country. With necessary steps, the biodiversity of a region can be processed again.